Moringa or Three Wild Beans (Moringa oleifera) is the most common woody tree of the Moringaceae family, native to South Asia but also wild and grown, harvested and used in many parts of the world. for high economic value. In English, Moringa tree has many different names such as "horseradish" (Horseradish tree, due to young roots have smell like horseradish, mustard), "drumstick" (Drumstick tree, due to stem/fruit like drumstick), "bel tree oil" (Bel-oil tree, due to the oil from the seed is calling as bel-oil)
Active ingredients and nutrition:
Parts of Moringa contain many important minerals, rich in protein, vitamins, beta-carotene, amino acids and many phenol compounds. The moringa provides a mixture of many rare compounds such as zeatin, quercetin, alpha-sitosterol, caffeoylquinic acid and kaempferol. Some sources of research suggest that Moringa contains more than 90 synthetic nutrients including 7 vitamins, 6 types of minerals, 18 amino acids, 46 antioxidants, large doses of anti-inflammatory substances, anti-substances born, resistant to toxins, substances that help prevent and treat cancer, benign prostatic hyperplasia, help stabilize blood pressure, lower cholesterol, protect the liver.
Moringa leaves contain more nutrients than fruit and flowers, by weight, in which vitamin C is 7 times more than orange, vitamin A is 4 times more than carrot, calcium is 4 times more milk, iron is 3 times more than spinach, protein twice as much yogurt and potassium three times as much as a banana.
Most studies of moringa are done in India, the Philippines and Africa. Moringa is known and used for thousands of years in countries with ancient civilizations such as Greece, Italy and India. Considered one of the most useful plants in the world, since all parts on moringa can be used as food or for different purposes, moringa is currently encouraged to grow in many countries in the world, especially poor countries. Moringa leaves are a good food source for babies and mothers who have just given birth.
Non-governmental organizations "Trees for Life International", "Church World Service", "Educational Concerns for Hunger Organization" and "Volunteer Partnerships for West Africa" have acknowledged the moringa tree as "a natural source of nutrition for tropical countries". A researcher has published that "moringa leaf powder is nutritious and can be used to combat hunger. Moringa plants produce a lot of leaves at the end of the dry season while other vegetable species often give little leaves.
Most parts such as leaves, flowers, fruits, seeds, roots and stems of Moringa are useful to humans. By cultivating moringa, farmers can improve bad soil. The leaves, flowers and young fruits of the moringa, with lots of nutrients and trace elements, are used as food for humans and livestock, helping to reduce poverty, contribute to ensuring food security, preventing child malnutrition in developing countries.
In cuisine, young leaves and even old leaves of Moringa are used to cook soup with meat, shrimp, mushrooms or boil (similar flavor to vegetables), salad dressings, raw food, stir-fry meat, eggs, grind puree into smoothie. Moringa leaves canopy dried powder can be stored for a long time without loss of nutrition, used for many dishes such as porridge, baby powder, bread dough, mixing drinks. Moringa flowers have many sweet and nutritious bile, vegetables or dried to cook and drink as a tea. Young fruit is used to stir fry, cook soup, stewed bone, simmer soup like beans, and give a similar flavor to asparagus. When old, Moringa seeds can roast like beans. Young roots of raw plants or spices such as horseradish (mustard). However, similar to pineapple, aloe vera, limit the use of Moringa preparations for pregnant women.
The attention to the use of Moringa is increasing in many countries around the world and in fact, this plant has gone beyond the framework of a vegetable that is widely used and varied in pharmaceuticals, cosmetics, nutritional beverages and functional foods. Developing countries use Moringa as a combination medicine to cure hundreds of diseases such as prevention and treatment of cancer, diabetes, anemia, rickets, heart disease, menstruation, swelling, inflammation, blood fat, stomach pain, contraception, ulceration, aging, body weakness, neurasthenia, impotence and enhancement of sexual desire.
Incomplete statistics show that Moringa can be used to treat more than 300 diseases. In particular, the zeatin compound, with a strong anti-aging ability in Moringa, is several thousand times higher than any other plant. In addition, the moringa also has two types of compounds that prevent cancer and block tumor growth, causing the plant to be dubbed the cancer prevention plant.
You can use fresh Moringa as a food. Or you can use Dietary Supplements extracted from Moringa. They still retain the nutritional content and therapeutic effect.
Wish you all stay healthy :)